Keywords: testator; beneficiary; will; estate; contrary; intent; property; construction; interpretation; gift; residue; equitable conversion; portion; ademption; satisfaction; election; lapse; disclaimer; abatement; hotchpot; per stirpes; devolution; testamentary; conditional; debt; Wills Act; class

Between the time a will is made and the time it takes effect, circumstances may change which are not accounted for in the will. This project focuses on a number of rules of law or construction that have evolved over the years in an attempt to accommodate changes in circumstances that arise after a testator has created a will.